Link: ICE just abandoned its dream of ‘extreme vetting’ software that could predict whether a foreign visitor would become a terrorist – The Washington Post

Immigration officials originally wanted artificial intelligence that could continuously track foreign visitors’ social media. They’re giving the job to humans instead.

Source: ICE just abandoned its dream of ‘extreme vetting’ software that could predict whether a foreign visitor would become a terrorist – The Washington Post

New business: Store biological and ‘mind’ samples for online afterlife or later resurrection

By combining a LifeNaut Bio File™ account with a LifeNaut Mind File™ account, there is a chance that future technology will be able to grow you a new body from your stored live cells and allow you to then download your conscious mindfile into that body.

via Learn More About BioFile – LifeNaut

Link: Rise in Population Genomics: Local Government in India Will Use Blockchain to Secure Genetic Data – The Medical Futurist

Blockchain will secure a DNA database for 50 million citizens in India. The move falls in line with a trend for governments turning to population genomics.

Source: Rise in Population Genomics: Local Government in India Will Use Blockchain to Secure Genetic Data – The Medical Futurist

@pocalipsă

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Link: Uber and Self-Driving Cars Have More Than a ‘Trolley Problem’ – The Atlantic

A 50-year-old philosophical thought experiment has been central to the debate about autonomous vehicles. It’s time to give it up.

Ian Bogost: “When engineers, critics, journalists, or ordinary people adopt the trolley problem as a satisfactory (or even just a convenient) way to think about autonomous-vehicle scenarios, they are refusing to consider the more complex moral situations in which these apparatuses operate.”

Source: Uber and Self-Driving Cars Have More Than a ‘Trolley Problem’ – The Atlantic

Technology Overview: Ethics and Philosophy

Technology Overviews

Questioned Humanity

  • Fourth revolution of fuman self-understanding (Floridi, 2016): humans are (no longer) the most intelligent entity on the planet;
  • Discoveries in neuroscience: human consciousness is a myth; new material for old quarrels over about freedom of will, the problem of Other Minds;
  • Consciousness/life as information; humans as complicated algorithms (to be deciphered, copied, emulated, downloaded, upgraded);
  • Upgraded humans: enhancing bodies and minds through genetic manipulation, computer-brain interfaces, mind uploading; post-humanism;
  • Human-machines mixing: computers simulating brains, brains extended by artificial networks;
  • Godly humans (death of carbon death) v superintelligent machine(s).

Technology Overview: Citizenship and Politics

Technology Overviews

Robots and Citizenship

  • Normative tests for access to citizenship

    • Moral agency: sentience (capacity to feel pleasure, pain), self-interest
    • Consciousness: capacity to have and pursue a conception of the good
    • Interdependence: coercion, social membership
    • Political commitment: willingness to enter a political relationship – democratic self-government
  • Future of democratic citizenship

    • Citizen equality: humans, super-humans, machines
    • Democratic participation: deliberation v data mining and analytics
    • Is politics still feasible/ necessary? : aggregation of preferences v best/efficient decisions; government by algorithm, higher purpose.

Technology overview: Medicine and Health

Technology Overviews

  • Designing artificial organs: Nanofilters that act as an artificial kidney; efforts to grow hearts from stem cells (see also overview by The Medical Futurist).
  • Mobile health: Improve diagnostics and monitoring; e.g. glucose monitoring patches;
  • Algorithms: (e.g. IBM Medical Sieve)
  • Gene editing: CRISPR technique
  • Prosthetics:  exoskeletons
  • Surgery: DaVinci surgical robots
  • Virtual and augmented reality – VR will “let medical students gain realistic experience in examining patients or to let patients see what would happen to them the next day at the hospital for stress release” (The Medical Futurist). AR to help medical students do dissections (e.g. Microsoft HoloLens)
  • 3D Bioprinting

China to bar people with bad ‘social credit’ from planes, trains

This is a stark example of using informational tools and online data to control citizens’ access to rights and benefits- according to the principle “once untrustworthy, always restricted”.

Source: China to bar people with bad ‘social credit’ from planes, trains